A Multimetric Macroinvertebrate Index for the Implementation of the European Water Framework Directive in French Guiana, East Amazonia

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Summary

Neotropical, overseas regions of Europe are subjected to the same water policy objectives as the continental ones but were overlooked during recent developments of bioindicators that fulfil the Water Framework Directive guidelines. We designed a macroinvertebrate-based multimetric index [Indice Biotique Macroinvertébrés de Guyane (IBMG)] to assess ecological health in remote headwater-small streams of French Guiana, Europe’s only overseas region of continental South America. Invertebrates were sampled at 95 sites including reference and impacted river reaches, following a standardized protocol. Among the 102 biological metrics calculated from site-specific data, we selected metrics exhibiting the best trade-off between high discrimination efficiency, low specificity, low redundancy and high stability under reference conditions. The IBMG is composed of two taxonomic richness-based metrics, two abundance-based metrics, one trait-related metric and a diversity index (Shannon’s entropy). Each metric was weighted by its discrimination efficiency. Using a test data set, we found that the IBMG was sensitive to the range of disturbances in French Guiana. Finally, comparing the IBMG with other indices developed in other neotropical countries reveals that, for several reasons, multimetric indices developed in the neotropics may perform well in the context of the data sets used to generate them but would certainly fail to be robust when used elsewhere. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Creator
DEDIEU N..
Publisher
River Res. Applic..
Language
English
Media
Document
Keywords provided by editors
INDICATEUR BIOLOGIQUE, MACROINVERTEBRE, DIRECTIVE-CADRE SUR L'EAU, BIODIVERSITE, COURS D'EAU, MASSE D'EAU, QUALITE DE L'EAU, EVALUATION ENVIRONNEMENTALE.
BIO-PLATEAUX topics
Monitoring of fishery resources and aquatic biodiversity, Observation of aquatic environments (environmental monitoring), Planning of water resources and biodiversity, Watershed committees
Enjeux principaux
Water and environment (water cycle, ecosystems, protection of resources, etc.)
Water management (explanations on water policy)
Coverage
French Guiana
Created